Adolescence refers to that transitional phase between childhood and adulthood in a person’s life. 

Different physical changes that occur in the female body during adolescence are – 

– Increase in height

– Enlargement of breast

– Growth of hair in the pubic region, underarms 

 –  Pimples/acne on face

 –   Menarche (The first menstrual cycle which marks the onset of menstruation in girls) 

Apart from these, emotional changes also occur in the body. 

At the onset of puberty, girls usually have their first vaginal bleeding, which over time becomes a regular occurrence. The onset of this regular cycle is termed as menarche. Girls can start menstruating anytime between the ages of 9 and 16. 

Menopause is a natural biological process. Menopause is when your periods stop permanently and you can no longer get pregnant. Menopause typically occurs between 49 and 52 years of age. Medical professionals often define menopause as having occurred when a woman has not had any menstrual bleeding for a year.

In the first half of the menstrual cycle after the menstrual period, the oestrogen produced by the ovaries repairs the lining of the uterus. At the same time, an egg (ovum) in one of the ovaries matures. At about day 14 of a typical 28-day cycle, the egg leaves the ovary (ovulation).

In the second half of the menstrual cycle, the egg begins to travel through the fallopian tube towards the uterus. Progesterone levels rise and thicken the uterine lining to prepare for pregnancy. If pregnancy does not occur, oestrogen and progesterone levels drop, and the thickened lining of the uterus and the ovum is shed as the menstrual period.

The time between the first day of a menstrual period and the beginning of the next one is referred to as a menstrual cycle. Usually, a typical cycle lasts for 28 days. However, this differs from person to person. 

On average, a menstrual period lasts somewhere between 3 and 7 days. This varies from person to person.

Scientific studies reveal that on an average, a woman can lose anywhere between 30 and 90 ml of fluid which constitutes both blood and mucosal tissue over 3-7 days of menstruation.

Absolutely! It keeps the body hygienic and also helps ease period pain if one takes a bath with warm water. 

Women usually experience one or a combination of physical and emotional symptoms just before they start their monthly periods. Some of the symptoms include temporary weight gain or feelings of heaviness, tenderness of the breasts, headaches, cramps and general irritability. All these together constitute what is known as Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). 

A healthy balanced diet rich in nutrients should be consumed along with lots of water.  

It is important to change underwear daily during periods. It should be washed and sundried to kill bacteria. Always avoid wearing wet/damped underwear.

The topic of menstruation is shrouded by a heavy veil of taboo and stigma. For centuries, communities across the world have associated menstruation with all things dark and evil. Menstrual blood is considered impure and menstruating women are often forbidden from entering places of worship, kitchens and farmlands due to fear of ‘polluting’ these areas. Over the years, these myths have been challenged and proven wrong by science. It has confirmed that menstruation is a perfectly normal, healthy, biological function. 

There is a range of products that can be used to keep you feeling comfortable and dry. These products are cloth, cloth pad, pads, tampons and menstrual cups. 

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